Labour Motivations

Containing motivational theories study people's needs. They are based on the identification of internal motivations that force people to act in a way, not otherwise.

A. Maslow, who is the developer of the structure and hierarchy of human needs affecting motivation, has made a significant contribution to the theory of motivation.

Пирамида Маслоу

Pyramid of Needs

This theory has continued to be widely applied and has been referred to as pyramid needs. The concept of a needs hierarchy developed by A. Maslow includes the following basic ideas and prerequisites:

- People constantly feel needs;

- People experience a set of highly expressed needs that can be grouped into individual groups;

- Needs groups are hierarchical to each other;

- The needs, if not met, encourage people to act, the needs met do not motivate people;

If one requirement is met, another unmet need arises;

- It is common for a person to feel at the same time a number of different needs between themselves in an integrated manner;

- Needs closer to the foundation of the pyramids require priority;

- Higher-level needs are beginning to be active in humans after the lower-level needs are generally met. A. Maslow, recognizing the diversity of human needs, proposed that they be classified into the following five categories.

A group of physiological needs includes food, water, air, shelter, etc., i.e., the needs that a person must satisfy to survive in order to sustain life. These needs are largely related to the maintenance of physiological processes and are generated by human physiology. People who work mainly because of the need to meet this group ' s needs have little interest in the content of the work, they focus on pay as well as on working conditions, workplace convenience, avoidance of fatigue, etc.

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